WASHINGTON: Leaders from the United States and Indonesia were in discussions on Monday (Nov 13) that will set the stage for US President Joe Biden’s first in-person meeting in a year with Chinese leader Xi Jinping.
Biden greeted Indonesian President Joko Widodo at the White House as the two leaders prepare for a Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit in San Francisco, where Washington hopes to reduce friction with Beijing. Biden is due to meet Xi on Wednesday.
Biden and Widodo are expected to agree to new cooperation in defence areas including cybersecurity, space, combined exercises and nuclear threats, according to a senior Biden administration official who declined to be identified.
On climate, the United States will announce steps with the Southeast Asian country on carbon capture and storage, supporting the electrical grid and improving air quality.
Reuters reported on Sunday that the two countries are working to advance a potential minerals partnership focused on the electric vehicle (EV) battery metal nickel, citing three people with direct knowledge of the conversations.
But the Biden administration is still concerned about environmental, social and governance (ESG) standards in Indonesia and is examining how such a deal might work. The two sides will unveil a plan that will prepare the countries for negotiations on the issue, said one of the U.S. officials.
INDONESIA MAKES APPEAL TO US ON GAZA
Jokowi, as the president is known, is also expected to press Biden on steps to end Israel’s war with Hamas.
“Indonesia appeals to the US to do more to stop the atrocities in Gaza. Ceasefire is a must for the sake of humanity,” Widodo said in the Oval Office before talks with Biden.
Indonesia, an archipelago of 270 million people, is the largest Muslim-majority nation. Many Muslims have been outraged by Biden’s support for Israel after Hamas militants killed about 1,200 people and took more than 200 hostages on Oct 7, according to Israeli officials. Palestinian officials have said Israeli strikes have killed more than 11,000 Gaza residents.
“The president will look to ask Indonesia to a play a larger role and to assist us,” in the Middle East, the US official said, without elaborating on what such an expanded role might entail.
Like several of its neighbours in Southeast Asia, Indonesia is economically intertwined with China as it navigates territorial disputes with its larger neighbor and wants to avoid getting caught in the middle by hostile Washington-Beijing relations.
Jakarta is expected to formally upgrade relations with Washington to the highest diplomatic tier at the meeting. Biden will also announce new funding for Indonesia’s semiconductor industry, the people said.
The two leaders will also discuss Indonesia’s diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict in Myanmar, where the military took control in a 2021 coup and has been engaged in clashes with rebel alliances, one of the officials said.
“It’s going to be time soon for us to think about what our next steps are together to deal with a situation that is untenable,” the person said.
Jokowi, first elected in 2014, is constitutionally required to leave office next year after serving the maximum two terms.