Saturday, May 18, 2024
Homecommentary asia worldCommentary: South China Sea isn’t the place to play ‘game of chicken’

Commentary: South China Sea isn’t the place to play ‘game of chicken’

SINGAPORE: The collision between a Chinese coast guard vessel and a Philippine resupply boat off the Second Thomas Shoal on Sunday (Oct 22) is the latest in a long series of flare-ups in the South China Sea.

And every time an incident happens, one question invariably arises: Will this be the one that sparks a more serious confrontation between China and the United States?

Tensions have been ratcheting up. In February, the Philippines accused the Chinese of shining a “military-grade laser light” and temporarily blinding crew members of a patrol vessel. In August, China allegedly fired a water cannon at a Philippine resupply mission to its grounded warship that serves as a military outpost.

Related:

Commentary: What one more dash in the South China Sea tells us about China’s game

For now at least, the vibes coming from Beijing, Manila and Washington don’t seem to reflect any desire for the latest altercation to erupt into anything with more unimaginable consequences.

Chinese President Xi Jinping expressed the desire to cooperate and peacefully address differences with the US. American President Joe Biden reiterated US commitment to defend its ally, should the Philippines come under attack in the South China Sea, but also showed no desire for war. Manila, while emphasising its sovereign rights over the disputed shoal, made it clear the country isn’t at war with China.

It is important to cut through the rhetoric and discern what dissuades them from crossing the threshold into the use of kinetic force.

NO ONE WANTS ESCALATION IN SOUTH CHINA SEA

The truth is, escalation in the South China Sea is the last thing anyone needs.

China appears to be more interested in pulling its economy out of the doldrums; maintaining an unyielding posture in the South China Sea will suffice. The United States finds itself inextricably tied to two concurrent wars in Europe and the Middle East and may have no stomach for a “third front” in Asia, especially ahead of a presidential election.

While not relenting on its stance over the Second Thomas Shoal, the Philippines still has a host of domestic and economic challenges to devote attention to, and an armed conflict will undermine efforts for recovery.

Related:

Snap Insight: Chinese defence minister’s sacking reflects Xi Jinping’s deeper problems

Commentary: What's the real message behind the warship sinking by US, Philippines in South China Sea drills?

US-China ties have also been warming up through painstaking effort. Beijing and Washington just commenced this week their inaugural economic working group meeting. After a flurry of high-level interactions over the past months, Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi is now in Washington – the highest-ranking official to visit in nearly five years – paving the way for a summit between Mr Biden and Mr Xi in November.

Things are looking up even on the contentious military-to-military front. The US defence department will send a delegation to attend the Xiangshan Forum this weekend. The formal removal of Li Shangfu as defence minister – regarded by some as an impediment to high-level military dialogues, being subjected to US sanctions – may provide a new opening.

EVERY MISCALCULATION COULD BE A SPARK

While the risk of premeditated war does not appear to be high, no one should discount the possibility of accidental conflict.

The South China Sea is a tinderbox. A miscalculation or misjudgment of the situation on the ground could possibly set things spinning out of control, considering the close proximity of rival maritime forces and frayed nerves.

History tells us past flare-ups have fortuitously not escalated into bigger confrontations. Call it cold comfort, given the situation is constantly evolving and mired in uncertainty, but it should be noted that the parties displayed typical tendencies to de-escalate, not escalate.

RELATED ARTICLES
- Advertisment -

Most Popular